The Swedish space programme is carried out through its national space infrastructure and through international cooperation, in particular through Sweden´s membership to the European Space Agency. The Swedish National Space Agency is a central governmental agency under the Ministry of Education and Research, responsible for national and international activities relating to space and remote sensing, primarily in research and development. The Swedish Government has presented A strategy for Swedish space activities that now forms a platform for Sweden’s long-term work on space activities and includes issues of space security and defense. In addition, as a member State to the European Union, Sweden adheres to the EU space framework including key positions such as the Space Strategy for Europe and the European Union Space Strategy for Security and Defence. Additional key positions on space security include Sweden's political commitment not to conduct destructive direct-ascent antisatellite missile tests as part of the wider European Union commitment.