Last Reviewed: March 2024

India's space activities consist of a civilian and military component with cooperation between them. 

On the civilian side, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is India's space agency. Various Centres or units responsible for different aspects of space activities fall under the ISRO such as the Indian Space Research Organisation Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Control Centre.

A recent development has been the opening up of India's space activities to the private sector, with a body created in 2019 to oversee this initaitive: the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe). Both ISRO and IN-SPACe are overseen by India's Department of Space. The Department of Space supports the implementation of policies set by India's Space Commission. One example of a contemporary policy is the Indian Space Policy 2023.

With respect to the military component, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) develops India's defence technologies and systems, including in space, through collaborations with the Indian Space Research Organisation and the Department of Space. Additionally, the government announces the establishment of a Defence Space Agency (DSA) in 2019 to further promote integration on space security policy and operations between India's Army, Navy and Air Force. Key space security positions are reflected in the 2022 Doctrine of the Indian Air Force and the 2017 Joint Doctrine of the Indian Armed Forces.