Last Reviewed: August 2023

Australia practices an integrated Whole of Government approach to its national space enterprise and national space security. The Australian Space Agency is the Government body charged with managing civil space policy and activity. Strategic decision-making regarding the use of space, industry potential and development, international cooperation and carriage of the Australian Civil Space Strategy are under the purview of the Australian Space Agency. The military structure of outer space is organized under Australia’s Defense Space Enterprise, which consists of the Space Domain Lead - Chief of Air Force, Defence Space Command, and Joint Operations Command. Australia’s activity in the field of space security is guided by its Defense Space Strategy. Key contemporary Australian positions on space security also include its political commitment not to conduct destructive, direct-ascent anti-satellite (ASAT) missile testing.